The construction of Formula One cars and the materials used are strictly controlled by the regulations to maximise their safety.
main structure of the car comprises a safety cell which contains the
cockpit plus the fuel tank, which is housed immediately behind (but
separated from) the driver.
This safety cell must meet minimum
size requirements and must have an impact-absorbing structure
immediately in front of it. The design of the car must also include an
additional impact-absorbing structure at the rear, behind the gearbox.
car must have two roll structures to protect the driver in the event of
the car overturning. One must be immediately behind the driver’s head,
the other at the front of the cockpit, immediately ahead of the steering
The car and its survival cell must pass several strict impact, roll and static load tests.